To complete a construction project, a well-defined and executed process is essential. The primary responsibility for understanding this process usually falls on the project owner. This understanding allows effective cost management for the project.

Conceptualization, Preliminary Design, and Overall Investment:


In essence, this involves identifying the intended use of the construction. Determine the specific purpose of the building, whether it’s for residential, commercial, industrial, etc. This will also include the scale of the project, such as the number of floors and rooms, which is contingent on the project budget.

Preliminary Design:

This is a concise design that presents a layout and architectural concept for the project. It must align with the owner’s requirements, gain approval from relevant authorities, and provide necessary technical descriptions.

Overall Investment:

This includes several cost components:

    • Direct construction costs: materials, labor, and construction machinery.
    • Equipment costs: machinery for elevators, HVAC systems, lighting, etc., as well as interior fittings and fixtures.
    • Project management costs: expenses related to overseeing the project from planning to completion.
    • Construction investment consulting costs: design and supervision consultation fees.
    • Other costs: contingencies, labor safety, environmental protection, infrastructure costs, etc.

Obtaining Investment and Construction Permits:

Construction projects are under state management. Therefore, a construction permit is required.

Construction Permit:

A legal document issued by the competent state agency to the project owner to build, renovate, relocate, or demolish a structure or residence.

Temporary Construction Permit:

Issued for building, within a specified time frame, based on urban planning regulations.

The following instances require obtaining construction permits:

  • New construction of individual homes in urban or rural areas.
  • Renovation involving architectural changes or structural modifications.

The permit process involves submitting application documents, review, and approval by the relevant authorities.

Detailed Technical Design and Tendering:

Technical Design:

  • Detailed specifications following the approved design. It incorporates architectural, structural, and technical elements, conforming to standards.

Construction Drawing Design:

  • The most detailed drawings, reflecting all aspects of construction.


  • Through competitive bidding, contractors are chosen based on their ability to meet economic, technical, and schedule requirements while ensuring quality.

Construction Implementation and Equipment Installation:

Site Preparation:

  • Clearing and preparing the construction site, including demolition if necessary.

Structural Construction:

  • Includes foundation work, concrete pouring, structural framing, and roofing.

Interior and Technical Installations:

  • Installation of plumbing, electrical, HVAC, lighting, and communication systems.


  • Applying finishes like tiling, painting, fitting fixtures, and installing furnishings.

Inspection, Completion, and Utilization:


  • Comparing the finished work to the approved design. A process of quality control and verification.


  • An administrative procedure to confirm that the construction work complies with the approved permits and design.

After these stages, the construction project is ready for use.

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